The virus that causes aids is the best known of the transfusion transmitted infections because of high profile cases such as ryan white a haemophiliac who was infected through factor viii a blood derived medicine used to treat the disease. Blood transfusion has been and continues to be a possible source of disease transmission a myriad of agents can potentially be transmitted through blood transfusions including bacteria viruses and parasites of these bacteria are the most commonly transmitted viral agents that are capable of. History ttv for transfusion transmitted virus or torque teno virus was first reported in a japanese patient in 1997 by the research scientist t nishizawa the virus is extremely common even in healthy individuals as much as 100 prevalent in some countries and in approximately 10 of blood donors in the uk and the us. Following blood transfusion there is a risk of transfusion transmitted infectious diseases ttid despite current advanced screening technologies. Accurate estimates of the risk of transfusion transmitted infectious disease are essential for monitoring the safety of the blood supply and evaluating the potential effect of new screening tests
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